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July 1, 2022

Geospatial and Contextual Approaches to Energy Balance and Health

Berrigan, David; Hipp, J. Aaron; Hurvitz, Philip M.; James, Peter; Jankowska, Marta M.; Kerr, Jacqueline; Laden, Francine; Leonard, Tammy; Mckinnon, Robin A.; Powell-wiley, Tiffany M.; Tarlov, Elizabeth; Zenk, Shannon N.; The Trec Spatial And Contextual Measures And Modeling Work Group. (2015). Geospatial and Contextual Approaches to Energy Balance and Health. Annals Of Gis, 21(2), 157 – 168.

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In the past 15 years, a major research enterprise has emerged that is aimed at understanding associations between geographic and contextual features of the environment (especially the built environment) and elements of human energy balance, including diet, weight and physical activity. Here we highlight aspects of this research area with a particular focus on research and opportunities in the United States as an example. We address four main areas: (1) the importance of valid and comparable data concerning behaviour across geographies; (2) the ongoing need to identify and explore new environmental variables; (3) the challenge of identifying the causally relevant context; and (4) the pressing need for stronger study designs and analytical methods. Additionally, we discuss existing sources of geo-referenced health data which might be exploited by interdisciplinary research teams, personnel challenges and some aspects of funding for geospatial research by the US National Institutes of Health in the past decade, including funding for international collaboration and training opportunities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Annals of GIS is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)


Bioenergetics; Geospatial Data; Contextual Analysis; Physical Activity; Obesity; Contextual; Energy Balance; Geospatial; Spatial