Research Portal

August 10, 2022

Immersive VR Versus BIM for AEC Team Collaboration in Remote 3D Coordination Processes

Asl, Bita Astaneh; Dossick, Carrie Sturts. (2022). Immersive VR Versus BIM for AEC Team Collaboration in Remote 3D Coordination Processes. Buildings, 12(10).

View Publication


Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Virtual Reality (VR) are both tools for collaboration and communication, yet questions still exist as to how and in what ways these tools support technical communication and team decision-making. This paper presents the results of an experimental research study that examined multidisciplinary Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) team collaboration efficiency in remote asynchronous and synchronous communication methods for 3D coordination processes by comparing BIM and immersive VR both with markup tools. Team collaboration efficiency was measured by Shared Understanding, a psychological method based on Mental Models. The findings revealed that the immersive experience in VR and its markup tool capabilities, which enabled users to draw in a 360-degree environment, supported team communication more than the BIM markup tool features, which allowed only one user to draw on a shared 2D screenshot of the model. However, efficient team collaboration in VR required the members to properly guide each other in the 360-degree environment; otherwise, some members were not able to follow the conversations.


Mental Models; Virtual-reality; Performance; Virtual Reality (vr); Building Information Modeling (bim); 3d Coordination; Clash Resolution; Remote Collaboration; Multidisciplinary Aec Team